Accounting Information Systems Research Paper

3011 Words Jun 7th, 2014 13 Pages
Accounting Information Systems Research Paper

Abstract
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) was enacted into law in 2002 in the wake of corporation financial reporting scandals involving large publicly held companies. SOX instituted new strict financial regulations with the intent of improving accounting practices and protecting investors from corporate misconduct. SOX requires corporate executives to vouch for the accuracy of financial statements, and to institute and monitor effective internal controls over financial reporting. The cost of implementing an effective internal control structure are onerous, and SOX inflicts opportunity costs upon an enterprise as executives have
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4). Section 401 of SOX requires corporations to issue financial statements that are complete and accurate and include all material off-balance sheet obligations or liabilities (A Guide to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, 2006). This regulation was instituted to prevent public corporations from hiding liabilities from investors, and thus artificially inflating stock prices.
Section 404 requires public companies to establish internal controls and report annually on their effectiveness over financial reporting. The CFO and CEO are held personally responsible for the internal controls via the requirement to sign a statement certifying the adequacy of the internal control system (Moffett and Grant, 2011, p. 3). Additionally, the company’s independent auditor must issue an attestation regarding management’s assessment of the internal structure as part of the company’s annual report (Bloch, 2003, p. 68).
Material changes to a company’s financial condition or operations must be disclosed to the public in a timely manner under the provisions of Section 409. Rapid disclosure applies to all types of company information – i.e. product recalls, personnel changes, or loss of a major customer (Hoffman, 2005, p. 4).
Internal Controls Effective internal controls protect a company’s assets, maintain compliance, improve operations, prevent fraud, and promote accuracy in financial reporting. In 1992 the