Ace Fertilizer Case

2974 Words Nov 17th, 2012 12 Pages
Ace Fertilizer Company: Ethical Cost Allocations and Price Determination
Introduction
Having a double undergraduate major in Accounting and Integrated Supply Management and an MBA from a renowned business school qualified Abby Conroy, CMA, for her position at Ace Fertilizer Company. She has been employed at Ace Fertilizer for the past three years, and is a highly respected employee. Her hard work and dedication to detail resulted in a series of rapid promotions. Currently, Abby is assistant director of manufacturing and is primarily responsible for special customer orders. Meeting the needs of customers in manufacturing special orders has become a very profitable portion of Ace’s operations. These special orders sometimes complement, but
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The wages of general production employees who are idled due to machine breakdown are classified as indirect costs. Direct costs are usually variable and change as production volumes change. Thus, direct materials and direct labor are typically variable costs. For special orders, some direct costs can be fixed, however. The costs (depreciation, electricity, and routine maintenance) associated with a machine dedicated to one product are direct costs of that product. Indirect costs cannot be easily and conveniently assigned to a special order. Rather, these costs are common costs, in that they are incurred to produce a variety of special orders. Maintenance costs of general purpose equipment, the supervisor’s salary, and utilities are direct costs needed to produce special orders in general, but are indirect costs for a particular special order. Moreover, general production costs, including property taxes, insurance, lawn care, cafeteria costs, and miscellaneous supplies consumed in production are indirect costs properly allocated to special orders manufactured.

Allocation of Indirect Costs
Abby could allocate indirect costs to special orders using a company-wide overhead rate. Frequently, these indirect costs are allocated by selecting an allocation base common to all of the company’s products or services. Many companies base overhead allocations on direct labor-hours
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