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An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much". While some adverbs can be identified by their characteristic "ly" suffix, most of them must be identified by untangling the grammatical relationships within the sentence or clause as a whole. Unlike an adjective, an adverb can be found in various places within the sentence. In the following examples, each of the highlighted words is an adverb: The seamstress quickly made the mourning clothes. In this sentence, the adverb "quickly" modifies the verb "made" and indicates in what manner (or how fast) the clothing was constructed. The…show more content…
Used with permission. | Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb. Thus we would say that "the students showed a really wonderful attitude" and that "the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude" and that "my professor is really tall, but not "He ran real fast." Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms to show degree. * Walk faster if you want to keep up with me. * The student who reads fastest will finish first. We often use more and most, less and least to show degree with adverbs: * With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients. * The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen. * She worked less confidently after her accident. * That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years. The as — as construction can be used to create adverbs that express sameness or equality: "He can't run as fast as his sister." A handful of adverbs have two forms, one that ends in -ly and one that doesn't. In certain cases, the two forms have different meanings: * He arrived late. * Lately, he couldn't seem to be on time for anything. In most cases, however, the form without the -ly ending should be reserved for casual situations: * She certainly drives slow in that old Buick of hers. * He did wrong by her. * He spoke sharp, quick, and to the point. Adverbs often function as intensifiers, conveying a greater or lesser
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