America And The Free Market

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Dan Palazzo America and the Free Market 7 April, 2016 Bailout INC In 2008, the United States went through one of the most significant economical period in history. The housing market and banks started to fail and people were unable to pay off their loans on the houses. This lead to a giant need for government intervention in determining which investment banks and corporations were worthy of being considered “too big to fail”. If they were in this category, the government would supply them with the funds necessary to not go bankrupt. Most of the time, the corporations would put this money towards consolidating their balance sheets, rather than solving the problems. This paper looks in depth into the 2008 financial crisis: the course…show more content…
The main reason for the crisis was a boom and bust in the housing markets at the same time. Home values rose rapidly during the beginning of the 2000’s. Many homeowners used their homes and other assets to withdraw equity to produce add-ons to the house, such as kitchens, decks, or patios. Once the value of the houses went down, they could not pay off this extra debt. Homes were beginning to be valued at less than what the homeowners owed on them. This period was powered by leverage, securitization, and structured finance. Housing was a hot commodity at that time, and Americans were taking out hefty loans in order to pay for them. There was a rise in self-employment at that time, and borrowing money was very relevant at that time. Adjustable rate mortgages, which provided initial interest rates and low monthly payments were the most common form of loans between 2004 and 2008. The banks were not careful in their securitization of loans, and a lot of loans defaulted. The defaults mainly revolved around the failing of the housing market. At the time, there was low requirements for down payments on houses. Lenders were only asking for approximately 3%, today it is up around 10% (Golub). This allowed for more and more people to put a down payment on a house, who would not be capable of paying the banks back. During this time, there was a dramatic increase in sub-prime lending, which means that the people borrowing the money had lowering credit
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