An Argument For Single Transferable Vote

1229 Words Mar 13th, 2015 5 Pages
An Argument for Single Transferable Vote
One of the main functions of elections is to ensure representation. Yet, it is arguable that most electoral systems do not return proportional results and therefore do not ensure proper representation. There are numerous electoral systems that are used all over the world and every country seems to have adopted a particular system that works well for them, but may not for others.
For much of the BC Legislative Assembly’s history, the First Past the Post (FPTP) system has been used for elections. As with most things political, each system has its positives and its flaws – and it is the flaws of each used system that contribute to the failure of BC to provide proportionality where it matters most. It
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This also touches upon another positive aspect of the FPTP system; that of one representative per constituency. This gives slightly more equality to the system, as each different constituency is allowed to have the same amount of representation.
Moreover, it works on the ideology of one person, one vote. This therefore leads to further fairness in the system as everyone has the right to have an equal say. However as we will later see, STV possibly makes better use of each vote. Therefore, it could be argued that it does not fail to provide proportionality when it matters, as – under this system – everyone is in entitled to the same chance of a viewpoint, and the majority’s opinion is passed.
Conversely, FPTP has a variety of negative aspects that show just how lacking in proportionality this system really is. First of all, it tends to cater towards larger parties. As shown in BC throughout the past hundred years, there have only ever really been two political parties sharing the seats at a time. These two winning parties have generally had large financial backing and are, in general, very large and persuasive. Ergo, they have much greater chances of winning seats. Over time the two majority parties have changed, for example the conservatives have been out of the running for the most part for over 50 years, nevertheless, the argument that FPTP
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