Analysis Of The Book ' Freakonomics ' By Steven D. Levitt

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In the book Freakonomics, written by economist Steven D. Levitt and journalist Stephen J. Dubne, the authors go through different parts of modern life to show how economics describes why people act a certain way as well as the way specific outcomes occur. They look into different aspects of society and view them with different perspectives. With the use of specific data and the fundamentals of economics, the very obscure comparisons and the different chapters in the book show correlation between economics and human nature. The main point of this book is to explain a few fundamental ideas through the answers of strange questions and how they play a major role in society. One of the primary fundamental ideas expressed in Freakanomic is that “incentives are the cornerstone of modern life”. An incentive is persuading people to do more good than bad. Levitt defines three types of incentives, social, economic, and moral. The authors state that individuals including sumo wrestlers and teachers, will behave unprofessionally to meet their needs and desires, if the incentives are good enough. A schoolteacher’s incentive to cheat has increased due to high-stakes testing. While a sumo wrestler’s chance of cheating will increase when he is on the bubble since the outcome of his matches will affect every aspect of his life. In order to determine if these incentives to cheat exist, specific data is viewed. For the Han 2 schoolteachers, the standardized exam was
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