The No.1 Ladies’ Detective Agency was written by Alexander Smith. This novel was set in Botswana ,a country just north of South Africa. The author spent some time in Botswana before writing this story and it is very clear, he gives his view of the people that live there while showing their everyday lives through his characters. In this novel the main character, Mma Ramotswe becomes the first ever woman detective in Botswana, and because she is a woman, she is doubted. She goes and proves her skeptics wrong as she solve the cases of people in their community. She even has this really big case that lasts for the whole the book that keeps the audience on their feet. He also talks about important things in the novel. In his book,The No.1 Ladies’ Detective Agency, Alexander McCall Smith portrays the setting through the way of life,gender roles,and traditions and values.
In the book No.1 Ladies’ Detective Agency, Smith talks about the way of life in Botswana. Although he wants to talk about all the good things, he also wants to keep it realistic with his audience. Smith states, “In my view, Botswana was a good place—a place of harmony and stability in a region that had been wracked by division and conflict for years. It was, I thought, an extraordinary achieve.” (Smith,14) Men felt the need to be in control. Women were meant to sit around and listen to the men. They were giving a place and needed to stay and it so the never spoke out against men views and wishes. Never the
Women, unfortunately, have been very discriminated against, even in this century. Women are so cruelly thought of that now, women see nothing wrong with mental and physical cruelty towards them. Since the status of women in Africa, is so low, it has caused many men to overpower women…physically. More
Contemporary visual media contributes to the social construction of gender in that the way that men and women are portrayed in advertising is vastly different.
As time passed, European domination drastically altered the African landscape – both physically and culturally. Traditional roles, practices, and beliefs were either completely subverted or modified to fall in line with European cultural ideals. Doubtlessly, this process of subjugation worked to the detriment of native populations throughout the continent. Even though all members of indigenous communities have suffered under this system, African women remain especially vulnerable to its harmful effects. As Mary Kolawole points out in her comprehensive work, Womanism and African Consciousness, these women must confront a set of oppressions unique to their position as both black Africans and women. During her discussion of African women’s current struggle for recognition, Kolawole argues that, although colonialism displaced many African traditions, the patriarchal social structure remained. In many ways, she holds, European colonization widened the rift between African men and women even further (Kolawole 34). Although African and European traditions share in the elevation of the male over the female, most African cultures offered women a greater position of respect within society, as well as more “positive avenues of self-liberation” than were available to European women
Brown is able to give up some of his control to women who join his religion. Okonkwo feels that women should be a man’s property. In Things Fall Apart there is a trial over the in which Uzowulu argues that “‘I do not owe my in-laws anything...One morning three of them came to my house, beat me up and took my wife and children away...‘The law of the clan is that you should return her bride price.’” (90). The women belong to the men, which means the men have control over them. The punishment for beating his wife was close to nothing. The men have complete ownership of their wife, they even buy them. It scares Okonkwo that he might not be able to control his wives. He believes the women shouldn’t learn, therefore the men can know more and have more control over them. Also, he feels that since men do the work in the fields, and are stronger, they are the people who can participate in clan decisions. Mr. Brown agrees with Okonkwo in the way that the missionaries that came to Umofia were all men, so they have a majority of their leaders as men. Mr. Brown strongly feels that women should be able to make their own decisions. He also believes that women deserve to learn how to read and get an education. Since Okonkwo is more concerned over losing his control over the women, he is more scared of giving women rights that Mr. Brown
She also talks about the Native feminist ethics, which brings understanding of the cultural perspectives of leadership under the spotlight. In this respect, I think understanding of Native women’s traditional gender functions, roles and responsibilities is crucial in perceiving Indigenous feminism. This is because I think in many tribal societies such as the Pashtun tribal societies in the northwestern FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas) perceive gender roles and responsibilities as complementary. The FATA areas and the colonial government system were creation of the British colonizers. This example is very much relevant to the case of Native societies that were/are colonized in North America because the British colonial rulers applied the similar methods to control and regulate Pashtun tribes in the FATA areas. In comparison to the CFR Courts to implement the Code of Indian Offences in Canada, the colonizers introduced and enforced the FCR (Frontier Crimes Regulations) in the FATA areas on the Pakistani side of the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. In this colonial structure, the Political Agent system implemented the FCR in which, for example, because of one tribal individual the entire tribe was punished. Unfortunately, the FCR is still very much alive and is being used the way many colonial laws are currently implemented in Canada and
Lastly, feminism is viewed in The Body in the Library. The detective, Jane Marple is the one who figures out the answer the question of who is the murderer. Agatha Christie creates this book to be more women friendly with more feministic views than some of Christie’s other books. One
With the arrival of third-wave feminism, gender roles are an increasingly popular topic for discussion, and literature is an effective catalyst for it. This is shown through Chinua Achebe´s 1958 novel Things Fall Apart, which discusses the effects of European colonization on African society, using a fictional group of Igbo villages as an example. His main character is Okonkwo, an aggressive and powerful male figure in the community. He is a prime example of how male gender expectations can negatively affect people. As Achebe states, “fiction [is] entirely fictitious [but] it could also be true or false, not with the truth or falsehood of a news article but as to its disinterestedness, its intention, its integrity” (Franklin 3). Clearly, he writes with the purpose of conveying truths through the broader untruth of fiction, and so could not have unintentionally created a character with such problems that are glaringly caused by gender roles. The way that Okonkwo embodies stereotypical gender expectations for men makes clear how they can be toxic to everyone.
Mahabouba was affected by gender discrimination because she was female. Females are not treated as equals in these types of countries. Mahabouba is from Western Ethiopia, a country that is poor and has been ravaged time again by famine, genocide, and war. “Only a fourth of all children regularly go to school. School is free, but schoolbooks, school supplies and school clothes are not.”(Abagond, 2009)Mahabouba’s aunt did not educate her and instead treated her like a servant. “In the Ethiopian countryside, if a young man has an eye on a girl but doesn’t have a bride price, or if he doubts the girl’s family will accept him, then he and several friends kidnap, the girl, and he rapes her.” (Kristof, Nicholas D and WuDunn, Sheryl, 2009)This improves his bargaining position because he has ruined her and she will find it difficult to marry anyone else.
This subjugation of women to men leads to statistics such as women are infected with HIV earlier than men. Kiruthu et al provide evidence, as do Petros et al, for why it seems that way. That women are consistently favoured below men, that they are subsequently unable to secure for themselves a career as illustrious as that of a man, and that the responsibilities of the household have fallen to them make poverty real. Petros et al show that women acknowledge the interplay between poverty and HIV/AIDS, with particular regard to sex work. If men were to be infected, say the authors, they need only blame the women for their promiscuity. As mentioned in Kiruthu et al, this extremely unequal relationship perhaps didn't exist – and certainly didn’t in the Kikuyu tribes of Kenya – before the colonial
Many westerners critique the African way of life. Polygamous marriages in particular are a no-no, although these marriages actually have several advantages. Westerners also commonly blame the African countries’ governments for gender inequality, but Nnaemeka argues that patriarchy is to blame for gender inequality. The social customs that women adopt in order to please men and fit into society may also be to blame for the stress that many women feel. Women characters in O Herói, The Night of Truth, and Flame all try to keep up their physical appearances, nurture children, and follow men to an extent. Nonetheless, some of the same women characters that adhere to some social rules also break some of the social rules. Each director is trying to show African women in a new light. Despite the fact that one’s job should not be assigned based on gender, women are more likely to care for soldiers hiding out than actually fighting in wars. They still are in danger during war, however, and they account for many of the (civilian) deaths caused by war. Even those that are not killed put their lives in jeopardy when they allow soldiers to hide out. Women are probably the most important gender/sex of human beings. They can do many things that men do as well as things that men cannot do. If anything, the social structure should be
Angelina Grimke said, while speaking to the irregularity of status as morality is concerned,“It has given to man a character for the exercise of tyranny and selfishness…It has robbed woman of essential rights,”(Voices, 248) blaming the bigotry attitude of men for the lack of any movement throughout history of women’s rights. The appeal from the black community is full of implied blame on white men, but in closure of the appeal “when our common country has been invade by a foreign foe, colored men have hazarded their lives in its defense. Our fathers fought side by side of yours in the struggle that makes us an independent republic.”(Voices, 206) Essentially asking why, if they are good enough to die together, why they are not good enough to live together with the same rights. And in the very white supremacy south, the Cherokee nation insists that the government honor their previous treaties “The treaties with us, and the laws of the Unites States made in pursuance of treaties, guaranty our residence, and our privileges…Our only request is, that these treaties may be fulfilled”(Voices, 202) Stating that, at a globalized view, the problems being requested against are primarily caused by white men seeking political
In the fight for equality, it is obvious to defend against forms of sexism that are used for antagonization. However, chivalrous attitudes that cast women as weak and in need of men are often ignored. Social psychologists have studied the effects of benevolent sexism using experiments testing one’s performance shortly after being labeled as incompetent. Benevolent sexism is not a series of compliments, but rather a threat to one’s ability to think, learn, and perceive information. The workplace is an environment of which benevolent sexism occurs most often and one of which most are familiar with. Benevolent sexism in business does not allow men and women to achieve the same goals within the work place. Forcing an individual into a social role can limit them to only specific simple tasks that do not allow for maximum personal growth.
It must be said that men of power create the structure of life--which is not necessarily profitable or fitting to women, nor to the human race in its entirety. Women do not live in this structure:“They lead beautiful lives--women. Lives not only divorced from, but irrevocably excommunicated from, all reality” (156).
In the novel Purple Hibiscus, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, the Nigerian author explores a number of issues such as religious absolutism, egalitarianism, feminism, domestic violence, politics and colonialism which in turn all highlight the main ideology of patriarchal power. By referring to the Oxford dictionary, the adjective ‘Patriarchal’ is described as “something relating to or denoting a system of society or government controlled by men.” In this specifically powerful novel, it refers to an organized society where the males are the heads of the families and the men are considered the “Fathers of the human race.” Adichie exposes a society that suffers devastation as an effect of total patriarchal control and intolerance within the family, the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the education and the state. Through the representation of the characters, she promotes the principle of a political system in which unrestricted power is in a dictator, and she identifies contrasting perceptions of religion, race, culture, spirituality, gender roles and the abuse of power. Throughout the novel, the reader is
In Of Woman Born (1977), Adrienne Rich unwittingly captures all the nuances of the African traditional social milieu when she describes patriarchy as: