Essay on Analyzing Early Mesopotamian Civilization

1092 Words5 Pages
When analyzing ancient civilization and how it began, there are many elements and aspects that should be considered. Questions such as how did civilization begin? What lead to its creation? Where did it begin, and why in that particular location? Many of these questions can be examined and answered by researching what many believe is the world’s earliest civilization, Mesopotamia. It is widely believed that this region was chosen and supported one of the world’s first civilizations. This area was settled over 10,000 years ago by a group of people known as the Sumerians (Cunningham & Reich, 2010).
Why was this early civilization formed? There are many reasons as to why the Sumerians established the world’s first society. Many of
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Raw materials for development were also a significant factor in why the Mesopotamian’s choose their location for community development. The Mesopotamia region is located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East. Today, much of that area is now considered to be modern Iraq. Through the domestication of many animal types, materials such as leather, wool and fibers were readily available.
The area provided other needed survival materials as well such as water for fisheries, dates trees for food and some lumber, and a soil that suitable for making pottery as well as mud bricks for the creation of dwellings. A significant limitation of the area though was its lack of a significant wood source than the date palm, which could only be used in a limited form and would not support the building of a structure or home. Less of an issue, but still a limitation of the area was the regions lack of significant stone and metal. Marble was one of the only stones available in the region, but required a lengthy desert journey on foot to obtain it.
As the fledgling civilization was forming, a number of very important developments began to take shape. The first, and probably most important was the development of an early literary system or writing system. The Sumerians began developing the early writing system by imprinting shapes onto wet clay pots to symbolize what was contained within each piece of pottery.

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