Ancient Religions And The Epic Of Gilgamesh

2345 Words Nov 21st, 2016 10 Pages
Ancient Religions of the Mesopotamians, the People of the Indus Valley, the Egyptians
And the Epic of Gilgamesh

The dictionary tells us that religion is a set of beliefs relating to the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Where do we get information to study about ancient religions? The easiest would be from writings, but in some cases there is no documentation or evidence of writings. So we turn to graves, buildings, art, artifacts, and everyday objects that were used in ancient times. By examining these items found in Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, and Egypt we can compare and contrast these ancient religions. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story found written in Mesopotamia we can compare their religion to the story. We can also explore the Epic of Gilgamesh and see how it is comparable to the biblical story of Noah.
Mesopotamia means the land between two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. It is modern day Iraq. Writings left behind start as pictographs or drawings and then change to cuneiform, which is wedge shapes pressed in clay. From these cuneiform writings, we can tell the people practiced polytheism. Mesopotamian gods favored truth and justice they were also responsible for violence and suffering. The gods controlled all aspects of life, especially the forces of nature. (Gale)
The name of the god depended on the location in…
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