Approaches to Labour Welfare

1756 Words Sep 30th, 2010 8 Pages


The various approaches to labour welfare reflect the attitudes and belief of the agencies, which are, engages in welfare activities. Welfare facilities may be provided on religious, philanthropic or some other grounds. Moreover, the different approaches to labour welfare reflect the evolution of the concept of welfare. In the bygone days, the government of the land had to compel the owner of the industrial establishment to provide such basic amenities as canteens, rest rooms, drinking water, good working conditions, and so forth, for their employees. Such compulsion was necessary because the employer believed in exploiting labour and treating it in an unfair manner.

However, the time has
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In short, the state assumes the role of a policeman, compels the managers of industrial establishment to provide welfare facilities, and punishes the non-compiler.

2. The Religious Theory:

This is based on the concept that man is essentially "a religious animal." Even today, many acts of man are related to religious sentiments and beliefs. These religious feelings sometimes prompt an employer to take up welfare activities in the expectation of future emancipation either in this life or after it.

The atonement aspect of the religion theory implies that the present disabilities of a person are the results of the sins committed by him/her previously. He/she undertook to do good deeds now to atone or compensate for his/her sins.

There is the story of a big Jain employer who firmly held the belief that the provision of welfare activities (facilities) for workers was outside the duties of the management. Whatever he did provide was under Government compulsion and supervision. It is so happened that the children born to him died as soon as they were born. Later, his own health suffered. Then he felt that, as a compensation, or expiration or even as an investment in a good deed (punyam), he should liberally to the crèche in the factory (Child welfare also), and to medical service for his workers. Consequently, in this particular factory, there came to exist an
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