Aristotle's Impact On Macbeth

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Aristotle had quite a few remarks on the idea and thought of character, especially in genres such as tragedies. In Aristotle’s opinion, a variety of aspects makes a tragedy, a “tragedy,” such as the incorporation of a tragic figure who happens to have a tragic flaw that leads to the character’s demise. He also believes that a tragedy should have what is known as a “dramatic irony,” which occurs when the audiences knows information the characters in the play does not, thus changing the watcher’s perception of the overall story. However, even when Aristotle’s expectations of tragedies are oddly specific, it is generally applicable to other tragedies of literary merit, such as stories from Shakespeare and provides an insight as to how the taste and social structure of the ancient Greek times was influenced heavily by the contemporary tragedies.
Aristotle’s statements and definition of
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In Macbeth, the tragic hero would definitely be Macbeth himself who had one fateful flaw that determined his future: his unchecked ambition. Due to this one tragic flaw in the makings, Macbeth went from a bright future as king to his demise, which eventually lead to his death. Because of the events that occurred in the latter half of Macbeth’s life, the play evokes pity, albeit a little undeserved, from the audience as Macbeth accepts his doom. Furthermore, the playwright elicits fear from the watchers, which is caused by their fear of committing the same mistake as Macbeth. Aristotle believed that inciting fear and pity from the audience is part of what makes a tragedy, a “tragedy.” To strengthen the impact of the play, dramatic irony is employed, in which the audience can hear monologues spoken by the actors about their actions. This thus changes the audience’s perception of a character’s
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