Barriers Of Mental Health Information And Services

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Firstly, barriers related to the use of existing mental health information and services are emphasized (2015, p. 1897). One aspect of this barrier includes the lack of awareness of mental health issues and the services available. For example, certain ethnic immigrant groups have difficulty recognizing mental health problems (lack of depression literacy), resulting in underutilization of existing services (2015, 1897). An additional aspect of this barrier includes cultural barriers. Ethnic immigrant groups may fear cultural incompatibility with health care providers, deterring them from seeking professional assistance (2015, 1897). The stigma associated with mental health also prevents treatment-seeking; a common barrier for immigrant seniors and women (2015, 1897).
Secondly, barriers posed by the immigration settlement process are also acknowledged (2015, p. 1898). New immigrants and refugees to Canada experience periods of low income and social exclusion (2015, p. 1898). Low income translates into lower socio-economic status, which can be a precursor for mental health issues (2015, p. 1898). Likewise, lower income contributes to service accessibility issues (i.e. being able to afford transportation to and from appointments) (2015, p. 1898). A lack of social support can lead to feelings of social isolation, negatively impacting the mental health of immigrants and refugees whom may not have access to their usual social support circle (2015, p. 1989).
Lastly, barriers

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