Canada 's Protection Of Its Rights

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Intro/ Topic: This paper will discuss Canada’s protection of its citizens’ rights, or lack thereof, specifically in regard to the recent amendment to its Citizenship Act in the form of Bill C-24, or the “Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act”. Through this amendment, Canada acts to limit its protection of the rights of its new and dual citizens. Bill C-24 makes several changes to Canada’s Citizenship Act that directly affects Canadian citizens who hold citizenships elsewhere, whether they be Canadian born and raised, or newly naturalized. There is significant dispute around the exemption of those with only a Canadian citizenship to this threat, as revocation of citizenship is reserved only for those with a dual-nationality so as not to…show more content…
Dual-nationalists are therefore subject to much harsher penalties than Canadian-only citizens. Forcese (2013) notes that in this regard, Bill C-24 also appears to contradict Section Six of Canada’s Citizenship Act which holds that “a citizen, whether or not born in Canada, is entitled to all rights, powers and privileges and is subject to all obligations, duties and liabilities to which a person who is a citizen under paragraph 3(1)(a) [born in Canada after 1977] is entitled or subject and has a like status to that of such a person”. This section has not yet been amended (Citizenship Act). The authority to revoke citizenship due to a conviction for an offence that occurred “before or after the coming into force of this section [Bill C-24]” (Government of Canada 2014c; Parliament of Canada 2014) fundamentally undermines Section Eleven of the Charter, which protects the right to not be tried or punished again for an offence one has already been found guilty and punished for (Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms). The authority granted by this amendment therefore allows the punitive withdrawal of a validly attained citizenship due to crimes committed in the past, which one has already been tried and punished for. Instances similar to this were illustrated in the 1990s when Canadian courts attempted to revoke the Canadian nationality of several peoples accused of Nazi collaboration decades earlier, during World War II (Forcese 2013). The changed
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