Candide by Voltaire

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Candide Paper Many critics argue that Candide is not an enlightened work, but Voltaire’s satire thoroughly reflects on the philosophical morals and lessons of the Enlightenment. Voltaire’s satire comments on the political, social, and religious views of the time, emphasizing the beliefs of a majority of enlightenment thinkers and philosophers. Voltaire demonstrates three different enlightenment thoughts or views in his work: anti-feudalism, optimism, and the hypocrisy of the Christian church. Perhaps the most common and well-known characteristic of the Enlightenment was anti-feudalism. Philosophers during the Enlightenment advocated against the separation of the nobility from the other social classes and tried to obtain equality among all human beings. In Candide Voltaire writes about the outlandish actions of the nobility throughout. For instance, Voltaire describes the character Baron Thunder-ten-tronckh and his castle as extravagant, even though Westphalia is a homely and mundane estate. Although both the character and his palace seem important, Baron Thunder-ten-tronckh lacks the nobility to maintain rule over his people. The Baron simply forces the lower classes to complete hard labor and justifies this action by stating that his birth is the right of power. Following this, the Baron’s sister refuses to marry Candide’s father because he is poor and will not represent Westphalia properly. Although they have similar lineage, the Baroness refuses to marry a man who

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