Chandra Manning And The Civil War

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On April 18, 1865, the Civil War was ended by an agreement reached between Joseph E. Johnston and William T. Sherman following the surrender of the Confederate Army. Decades later, historians still question how the Civil War began. Although they view slavery as an underlying cause of the Civil War, there is still controversy in accepting that it was the main cause of conflict between the North and the South. In What This Cruel War was Over, Chandra Manning argues that the North fought for the purpose of protecting their ideals of liberty, morals, and self-government, whereas the South fought for individualized self-interests. Through the use of primary and secondary sources, Manning examines the viewpoints of both Union and Confederate soldiers in order to assert that most soldiers during the time period viewed slavery to be the underlying cause of the war.
Chandra Manning is an American historian who graduated from Mount Holyoke College and received her PhD from Harvard in 2002. She is currently an assistant professor at Georgetown University. Her most notable award is the Avery O. Craven Award, making her a credible source used by historians such as Paul D. Escott in North Carolinians in the Era of the Civil War and Reconstruction.
Written in chronological order, What This Cruel War was Over is divided into six chapters with both an introduction and conclusion. In the first chapter, Manning argues that the sole purpose for commitment and existence of Confederate troops
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