Critical Appraisal : Quantitative Nursing Research

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Critical Appraisal: Quantitative Nursing Research Article Evidence-based practice has informed healthcare professionals to ask clinical questions and inform clinical practice (Rebar & Gersch, 2015, p. 11). The authors conducted an evidence-based research study to determine the effectiveness of telephone-based peer support (TBPS) for postpartum depression (PPD) up to two years after delivery. The primary goal for this paper is to synthesize and critically analyze the article. Therefore, nursing research knowledge is used to summarize and critique the article: problem and purpose; literature review; sampling; ethical considerations; research design; results and conclusion; and strengths and weaknesses. Research Problem The authors discussed the need for effective treatments to address the high global rates of PPD and maternal depression up to two years after delivery (Letourneau et al., 2015, p. 1588). The research problem is the efficacy of TBPS in diminishing maternal depression up to two years postpartum (Letourneau et al., 2015, p. 1588). This problem arose due to three main factors; increased PPD and maternal depression rates, and existent theoretical frameworks about TBPS with early PPD. Research Purpose, and Questions The authors’ purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of TBPS with depressed mothers up to 2 years postpartum (Letourneau et al., 2015, p. 1589). The researchers identified four questions: mothers’ and peers’ satisfaction with TBPS; if increased
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