Depression In Adolescents: A Case Study

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The concept of a happy childhood being a carefree, never-ending recess before the responsibilities of adulthood set in is just as realistic as the cartoons children watch on television. To the contrary, adolescents today feel less safe, less inspired and less hopeful than ever before. It is not surprising then that depression is a common concomitant to adolescent development (Tharper, Collishaw, & Pine, 2012). According to the National Institute of Mental Health, approximately one in five adolescents between the ages of nine and twenty four is clinically depressed and more than twenty percent of adolescents will have experienced a major depressive episode before reaching adulthood (“Suicide in the U.S.: Statistics and Prevention”, …show more content…

According to the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, the reason why depression is often over looked in children and adolescents is because “children are not always able to express how they feel” (Brown, Hammen, Craske & Wickens, 1995). In addition, depression among adolescents is difficult to diagnose because it is a developmental stage associated with rebellion and experimentation marked by emotional turmoil, mood swings, and heightened sensitivity. The prevailing misconceptions regarding children’s mood and behavior detracts clinicians from properly diagnosing this widely prevalent child health issue (Brown et al., 1995). Thus, to recognize and treat this disorder is important. Depending on the clinician’s diagnostic approach, lack of careful examination can lead to missed signs for clinical depression (Cole & Bird, 2000). An examination of the biomedical approach demonstrates why there is a lack of consideration by healthcare providers. First, the biomedical model characterizes diseases by biological determinants and explains disease as a condition caused by external pathogens or disorders in the functions of organs and body systems (Cole & Bird, 2000). Such an approach has proved effective in the control of widespread infectious diseases. However, now that non-infectious chronic illnesses predominate, the efficiency of the biomedical approach has not only become questionable but underlying economic justifications have been raised. Second,

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