Edwin Hardin Sutherland's Theory Of Differential Association Theory

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Edwin Hardin Sutherland, an American criminologist, developed the theory of differential association in 1947. He created this theory to attempt to explain why crime was determined by various factors such as age, race, broken homes, urban or rural areas, mental disorder, and social class (Sutherland 136). His findings led him to believe that these factors affect crime because they can increase or decrease the probability that persons will associate with others who present definitions favorable to crime.
Key components of differential association theory could be described in nine important propositions: 1) criminal behavior is learned, 2) criminal behavior is learned through interaction, 3) the major part of learning criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups, 4) criminals learn the definitions favorable to crime from these others and the techniques of committing crime, 5) the classification of law as unfavorable or favorable will determine the particular direction of the motives and drives, 6) a person becomes delinquent because an excess of definitions favorable to the law violation rather than definitions unfavorable to the violation of the law, 7) differential associations may vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity, 8), all of the mechanisms that would be involved with any other type of learning are available in the process of learning criminal behavior by criminal and anti-criminal patterns, and 9) criminal behavior is not explained by general

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