Emile Durkheim: The Father Of Sociology

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Emile Durkheim widely holds the moniker of “the father of sociology” due to his contributions to sociology during his lifetime. He receives much acclaimed credit for realizing the goal of making sociology a science. Emile Durkheim was born in April 15, 1858 to French Jew parents. His lineage consisted of rabbis but decided to go against the tide by opting to study religion through an agnostic point of view. He finally joined the École Normale Supérieure (ENS) in the year 1879 after two failed previous attempts. His endeavors with sociology took him to Germany before he later moved back to France when the French had embraced his line of thought that wished for sociology to transform into a science different from psychology and philosophy. His…show more content…
Social facts refer to social configurations and cultural rules that regulate all individuals in the society and as a result social facts study is empirically possible. According to Émile Durkheim, there exist two types of social facts, which are immaterial and material social facts. His focus lay in the study of immaterial socials facts that typically include collective representation, social currents, collective conscience as well as morality. Emile Durkheim made several contributions to sociology in particular through his works. Some of these works include “the division of labor, suicide and elementary forms of religious life”. In division of labor, he addresses how the modern society relies heavily on the division of labor for sustenance. This situation makes every individual dependent on the rest of the individuals in order to move forward. In other words, division of labor categorically connotes the basic principle of specialization. His focus falls squarely on the effect of division of labor on the way an individual feels as part of the society. for instance, societies that have low levels of specialization have mechanical solidarity which unifies them and ultimately builds a strong collective
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