Emile Durkheim 's Influence On Anthropology, Religion, Law And Political Theory

915 Words Nov 1st, 2015 4 Pages
In this essay I will produce a biography of Emile Durkheim and outline his contribution to criminological thought. “Emile Durkheim is one of the most influential figures in Western sociology.” He is accountable for authenticating society as a focus of study and for institutionalising sociology as an academic subject. Durkheim demonstrated that sociology has its own distinctive subject matter that could be studied scientifically. His work influenced many areas, in particular, his idea of society as a moral construct has had a great impact on anthropology, history, religion, law and political theory. Although he was known for his advanced work in sociological theory, Durkheim took an interest in criminology. He believed that society was than social interaction between its members, instead he argued that it was a reality that exists over and above individuals.
Durkheim was born in the town of Epinal in France on April 15, 1858. His family were Ashkenazic Jews, however once Durkheim attended secondary school, he stopped practicing Judaism and became an agonistic. Despite his lack of belief in Judaism, his Jewish ancestry had an impact on his life. For example, Durkheim faced anti-Semitism when the Jews were accused by the French establishment of betraying the nation as a symptom of moral pathology.
After studying at the College d’Epinal and the Lycee-le-Grand high school, Durkheim attended one of the most prestigious universities, the Ecole Normale Superieure, the traditional…
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