There are 6,000 people each year that are diagnosed with ALS, but around 20,000 people are living with this deadly disease at any given time who are unaware. ALS is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis that affects body functions and periodically the nervous system gets damaged. ALS is not the only disease that harms people, there is also Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy which is long for CTE. CTE damages the brain function which can lead to four different medical illnesses. ALS and CTE are becoming more common in athletes. The sports that are causing this fatal disease can vary from football to golf. In addition, concussions and head trauma can lead to critical brain impairment or even death. The sports world should keep in mind the well-being …show more content…
Athletes are diagnosed with CTE because of repetitive blows to the head. After getting hit in the head, brown spots which are known as tau proteins form around the brain, this causes blood vessels to interpret normal function, that kills nerve cells. With the killing of the nerve cells this can lead to either Parkinson, Huntington, Alzheimer and Dementia. The main symptoms of CTE and the illness are aggression, cognitive impairment and short-term memory loss. As known, CTE affects the brain, it mainly affects the the frontal lobe which leads to impulsive behavior and the amygdala which leads to uncontrollable emotions like rage. Both disease are attacking and killing athletes at young ages. Athletes are being diagnosed with ALS or CTE at an earlier age than expected. Athletes are being diagnosed with ALS around their twenties to thirties, however the expected age of the diagnosis is forties to seventies. After, the diagnosis athletes are given between two to five years of a life span left. On the other hand CTE and the other four diseases are being diagnosed from the ages of twenty to forty, where the common age is around the forties to sixties. CTE and the others diseases can last for years, but sadly athletes are stuck with theses until death. For, example Scott Matzka is thirty-nine year old is married and has two children. He played with the National Hockey League from 2001 to 2014. In 2013, ALS
CTE affects many different athletes all over the world. Chronic Traumatic encephalopathy or normally referred to as CTE is a brain disease that affects people who have had multiple head injuries. It is found in many cases of ex NFL players who took many hits to the head when playing over their careers. There are many documented cases of it across other sports and some military veterans as well. We have made large strides in learning more and more about the terrible disease. The game of football has changed since we have learned so much more about the terrible disease in recent years. We could prevent concussions by changing the way players practice.
A. Although this disease can strike anyone, it is extremely rare in kids. According to the ALS Association, most people who develop Lou Gehrig's disease are adults between 40 and 70, but younger and or older people can develop this disease. People of all races and ethnic backgrounds are affected. ALS is a
ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) or Lou Gehrig’s Disease is a classified as a degenerative neurological disorder that inhibits motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain to function properly. This disease eventually results in paralysis and imminent death over a period of time. ALS patients have anywhere from a few months, to a couple years to live after diagnosis since their nervous systems are slowly destroyed, rendering the body useless, and sustaining life impossible.
According to James Bukes of the Pittsburgh Post, “The physical manifestations of CTE are a reduction in brain weight with atrophy of the medial temporal lobe, the frontal and temporal cortices, the brainstem, cerebellum hippocampus and other parts of the brain” (Bukes). This reduction in brain weight and brain size is caused by repetitive hits to the head, which is most often found in sports such as boxing, hockey and most notably, American Football. Due to the reduction of brain size, CTE has become known as an extremely debilitating disease, as well as life threatening. In an article from the Northeastern University the symptoms of CTE have been stated as, “depression, anger, memory loss and suicide” (Polnerow). There have been several cases reported of football players committing suicide, and then later being found to have been afflicted by this disease, most notably Dave Duerson, who donated his brain to CTE research after having committed suicide. Even though CTE has been proven through repeated studies, the general public is still in conflict over the true dangers of CTE and even if CTE is a true disease. In one study, 90 brains that had been examined of football players postmortem, 86 of them had cases of CTE (Storin). This is nearly 96 percent of examined brains that were found to contain CTE, meanwhile only 10 percent of the public are reported
Other times when sitting to watch a sports game, the last thought that crosses through the mind is whether a player will be injured or will have consequences later in life. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is gaining awareness because of current uprise in athletes developing it at a very young age such as Lou Gehrig a famous baseball player. This disease affects the body by causing loss in muscle movement. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a disease affects the mind not the body and is a progressive degenerative disease. CTE has many diseases that fall under its category such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson’s, Huntington's disease and Dementia. The most common factors for these diseases are concussions and head trauma because athletes
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is most commonly found in pro athletes, military victims, and boxing/MMA(Mixed Martial Arts). Lately people in the NFL and people looking into the NFL have been finding some players to have some kind of brain disease or damage because of the
A CTE, or Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, is a, “progressive degenerative disease that is believed to plague people who've suffered severe or repeated blows to the head” (Murphy). A player can have a CTE and not even know that they are suffering from it. This is because CTEs can only be discovered after the person dies. Paul Bright, for example, was a football player who played from the time that he was seven until he was a freshman in high school. He had experienced only one concussion, but it changed his entire life. His family and friends described him as hard working and upbeat, but then, something changed. He became reckless and erratic; these traits caused him to die at age twenty-four from a motorcycle wreck. His mother sent his brain off to be tested and discovered that he had been suffering from Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. This brain disease had caused him to make the type of impulsive decisions that took his life (Murphy). In addition to the CTEs players may experience, the likelihood of dying from brain and nervous system issues increases significantly for football players. Studies from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health discovered that, “death involving neurodegenerative causes among the retired players was three times higher than in the general U.S. population, and the risk for two major
Signs such as memory disturbances, behavioral and personality changes, parkinsonism, language, and gait abnormalities are just some of the few consequences people have to live with who are affected with CTE.1,5 The condition is characteristic of atrophy associated with medial and temporal lobes, ventricle dilation, and widespread tau-immunoreactive pathology. Evidence all points that repetitive traumatic brain injuries lead to CTE before any clinical manifestations arise.1 By instituting proper head protection, as well as safer return to play guidelines after head injury, CTE can be dramatically reduced in athletes all around the world. In more drastic approaches, certain high impact sports can be eliminated as a whole in order to greatly reduce CTE in athletes. There is no cure, no treatment options, and no tests available yet to diagnosis this disease. Experts urge that the best preventative to CTE is to avoid all contact sports in altogether, something that millions fail to
Concussions are thought to be one of the main contributing factors that lead to the development of CTE. If you break down the word to its Latin origins, concussion stems from the word conutere, which means to shake violently. A concussion is a type of brain injury that occurs when a patient receives trauma to the head, causing the brain to shake. It is believed that players receive concussions when they are exposed to either linear or angular forces (Cantu, 2012).
Since the 1920s, there has been a severe disease linked to athletes. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a disease that effects athletes that have had head trauma. The trauma causes the brain tissue to deteriorate. The changes can become apparent after months, years, or even decades. CTE is linked to memory loss, confusion, impaired judgment, impulse control problems, aggression, depression, and, eventually, progressive dementia. (“What”, 2009). CTE has caused football to change as well as the equipment. CTE is now widely known and is effecting, not only professional athletes, but also high school athletes. Concussions and chronic traumatic encephalopathy are serious conditions that can affect anyone and have adverse effects.
Many argue that because of how many concussions football players sustained in their careers is the reason why the players are now suffering from Alzheimer’s or dementia. They also believe it can be traced back to their high school career, which now has the young stars parents’ concern. How many concussions happen in sports? According to the BrainLine website, 1.6 million to 3.8 million sports related each year in the United States, during 2001-2005, from ages 5-18 accounted for 2.4 million sports-related ED annually, of which 6% (135,000) involved a concussion. Football accounting for more than 60% of high organized sports concussions. According to Forbes website article, that recent research proved that eighty-seven out of ninety-one ex-NFL players tested positive for brain diseased linked to head trauma. The researchers who studied a large amount of people who have football from a high school, college, or professional level has found evidence of CTE, which is chronic traumatic encephalopathy, in over half percent of their participants. Of the brains, the researchers studied, most of them belonged to former NFL players. The problem with CTE is that it can only be detected or found after death. CTE is “an abnormal build-up of tau- a protein that can spill out of cells due to blunt force trauma and can choke off or disable neural pathways that control things such as memory, judgement, and fear”
For instance, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy is a progressive degenerative disease commonly found in the brains of athletes with a known past of recurring brain distress. The injury ignites a buildup of the abnormal tau protein, causing a progressive worsening of the mental state. Previous recorded cases have shown the location of damage was significant as well as remarkably distinct from other damaged brains. Nonetheless, not all athletes with head injuries are diagnosed with CTE. The symptoms of this disorder are very similar to those of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. The most prevalent indicators include impulse control problems, aggression, depression, and impaired judgement. These symptoms usually begin many years after a person’s involvement in athletics.
People first need to know what ALS is. ALS is very difficult to diagnose. So far there is no
Evidence have been linking sport concussions to CTE and ALS. Cases reports describe headaches,mood disorder,aggressive behavior,and thoughts of suicide to athletes who play football or other contact sport and have repeated head trauma. According to the latest numbers an average college football player can expect 1,300 hits to the head during a season. Related to CTE some patients diagnosed with ALS have a form of it caused by brain trauma. People usually get diagnosed with ALS 40-70,average is 55 but an athlete’s average is 32 years