Evaluate the view that the education system in modern industrial society enables the intelligent to succeed. (25)

1843 WordsSep 18, 20138 Pages
Evaluate the view that the education system in modern industrial society enables the intelligent to succeed. (25) The way that the education system functions and is set up in modern industrial society allows the intelligent to succeed. Intelligence can be defined as the ability to discover rules, patterns and logical principles underlying objects, events and the ability to apply these discoveries and solve problems (Arthur Jensen, 1973). Intelligences can be measured using the intelligence test which will give an individual’s intelligence quotient (IQ). There are different questions that aims to extract reasoning ability, it tests knowledges and memory rather than the ability to reason. However IQ can be argued that it is not a valid…show more content…
However functionalist’s perspective on the education system is criticised as they fail to provide adequate explanations. Firstly parson did not give adequate considerations to the possibility that the values transmitted by the educational system may be those of ruling minorities rather that of society as a whole. Furthermore, the criticisms of Davis and Moore are that there is doubt about the proposition that the educational system grades people in terms of ability, it has been argued that intelligence has very little effect upon educational attainment due to other factors such as class, genes, culture, environment which will be explained later on. Also it fails to show a close relationship between academic credentials and occupational rewards, in particular income is weakly linked to educational attainment, this is because for example people who did very well in school may be in jobs such as being a nurse in which they aren’t very highly paid. Therefore functionalist view are being criticised for lacking considerations in their explanations. Moreover the tripartite system comes under part of the educational system that helps identify those who are intelligent.

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