Assessments play an integral part in the classroom. The book, Content Area Reading states that an assessments purpose is to “gather and synthesize” information about a student’s learning. Teachers utilize a variety of assessments in the classroom to gauge a student’s strengths, weaknesses, and gains. Assessments exercised in the classroom are in several formats: performance-based, formative, and summative. However, assessments must be authentic to be effective in the classroom. An authentic assessment “successfully engages students in instruction with personally meaningful real-life contexts.” The information obtained through an assessment provides teachers with a better “understanding and insight” on ways that can effectively teach and …show more content…
The Word Opposite Survey has various sections divided by grade levels with word opposites. The English Language Learner I performed the assessments on a 10-year-old girl named Laura. Laura has been in the United States for six months, and her native language is Haitian Creole. Laura lives with her parents who speak little English as well as another family who speaks Creole and English. Before meeting with Laura’s teacher, I reviewed the words and placed them on index cards. When going through the list, I became worried that Laura would be unable to read or understand any of the words listed. However, when voicing my concerns at the meeting, Mrs. “P.” Laura’s teacher, she alleviated my fears and assured me that Laura would be able to recognize many of the words. Also, Mrs. P mentioned that she was unsure of the response I would receive regarding the opposites analysis because they have yet to discuss opposites in class. I assured her that I would review the meaning of opposites with Laura and if she began to struggle, I would discontinue the analysis. I asked Laura if she would join me at the table in the resource room and review some words with me. She agreed, and we began the Word Syllable Survey Analysis. As we began, the very first word ‘sunup’ proved to be difficult for Laura. After her responding with an “I don’t know the word,” I asked her if she could break the word into parts and find a word that she did
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I am a strong believer that one test defines a students. Therefore, variety is key when assessing students. When using formative assessment I use student reflections, journal entries, exit cards in addition to non verbal communication such as thumbs up or down. I also make anadotal notes on students to help assess the overall learning journey of the student. When using summative assessments, I use district assessments, state assessments, portfolios, short answer, multiple choice, and student based projects. In all forms of assessments, students are provided the appropriate accommodations. My learning goal for assessing students is to have a valid assessment that demonstrate the student’s understanding of the specific skill. It is crucial that I understand the purpose of the assessments and the content that is being taught, therefore, I often start instruction with the assessment piece in
Assessment, both formative and summative, plays a significant part in the learning experience as it determines progression and enables learners to demonstrate that they have achieved their desired learning outcomes.
Assessment is a valuable tool to measure students learning and achievement. It is an essential element for teacher to reflect on what and how they teach. To assess students is to collect evidence of their learning. Teachers use the information to modify their lesson plans and adjust their instructional methods; students need feedback on their performance to concentrate on their vulnerable areas. Assessment is necessary for parents to reinforce their children strength and assist them where extra attention is required. The data collected will inform school
Progressing to the fifth grade word list, Lauren’s willingness to decode unfamiliar words decreased. She quickly skipped over the words, scarlet, bandit, century, celebration, and terrace both times the words were presented to her. Other miscues were noted as she pronounced entrance as enrance, attach as attack, and choice as choose. Recognizing the words, lizard, helmet, and dentist within one second of seeing them, the four words were added to her personal sight list. Receiving twelve out of twenty, Lauren’s score indicated that fifth grade is a frustration level for her.
Assessments should contribute to a student’s education and learning by including students in the learning process educators are able to assist and extend students learning (SCSA, 2014).
Alex demonstrated mastery of applications in context, scoring 76/80. This score indicates that she identified 76 words fluently. Alex’s performance on this assessment shows that she is able to read words in context with ease. Her miscues were visually similar to the printed word however she did struggle with decoding multisyllabic words. For example, Alex substituted vacation for vacant, estimate for estimated neighborhood for neighbors. This shows Alex attended to the beginning sounds of the word but did not attend to the ending sounds. Intervention will focus on structural analysis, specifically, morphemic
Jenny is very good at whole word discrimination. She did not miss a single one and understood the sounds that the words made. She knew grip-grip was the same word and slip slit were not even though they were close in sound. Rhyming is also a strength for her. I think that rhyming is one of the easiest applications for children. I believe it is also the most fun for them. Syllable counting is also an easy concept for her; she didn’t miss a single one. She even got that hippopotamus had 5 syllables; that’s a big word. She also was correct that elephant had 3, which can easily be mistaken as 2 syllables.
Ch. 2 – Who are the various users of assessment and its results? What specific instructional decisions can be made based on assessment results? Why must we build balanced assessment systems to support the instructional programs we offer students? This chapter nails down the purpose of assessing, which is gathering information to inform teachers of students of their instruction and learning, respectively. In this way, assessment is individualized to each student and classroom, and because all students/classes are different, it should inform the teachers of what is working or not working in the classroom, which should then influence some sort of change to instruction. This chapter also talks about the different levels of assessment – from the individuals
Assessments are vital to the educational process. They provide feedback about what the students know and what they may need to learn in order to obtain the content within a given curriculum. It provides teachers with a glimpse into the student’s readiness on a particular topic or subject. One of the six key principles of having an effective differentiated classroom is having a formative assessment that informs teachers on the effectiveness of their teaching. It also provides teachers with the readiness levels of their students and shows them exactly where the students’ readiness, interests, and learning profile needs really are (Tomlinson, 2014).
Classroom assessment involves the professional decision of the teacher to determine how to implement assessment, what should be assessed, and when should assessment occur. Teachers must be able to interpret each students’ unique learning abilities in ways that are credible, fair, and free from bias. Possible factors to consider when creating these multiple formats for assessments include gender, ethnicity, culture, socio-economic backgrounds, and special needs. Each and every student in the classroom should be give the same opportunity to display their strengths. And it is important for teachers to properly manage an assessment plan that will benefit students, as well as the teachers, in the classroom. Eventually, a well-constructed assessment plan will be able to contribute to the development of lifelong learners within the teacher and the students.
The tests for pre-test and post-test were similar. There were 16 words for first grade, 12 words for second grade, and 16 words for third grade. The tests were used to see the ability of the students orally say the sound and break the word into phonemes, not letters. The way of analyzing the data was following Yopp-Singer Test (1995). The students who got high scores by segmenting all the items correctly were considered as phonemically aware. The students who correctly segmented some items were considered as displaying emerging phonemic awareness. Students who were not able to segment the items correctly or none at all were included as lacking of phonemic
On Monday, March 22, I was given the opportunity to assess Graysen on his literacy skills. Graysen is a very sweet boy and his excitement to learn is evident. Graysen was given an assessment called a Phonological Awareness Survey, which looks at his letter and sound fluency, as well as his ability to identify compound words, syllable words, initial and final phonemes, and blending phonemes. Graysen excelled in blending and segmenting phonemes. He also showed great strength in combining syllables to form whole words. The following are some observations from the assessment. A couple of issues stood out that I will address during our weekly intervention sessions. Please find my comments below:
1. Performance improvement- This is an indicator that the client is cognitively understanding what is required of them and improving a skill that may be difficult for them to achieve. Moreover, this is the time that a practitioner or health professional can become more observant. Being observant in this stage is very important. The client may have strained the first-time rehabilitation or therapy was given. However, through observation the client may not strain or appear to be in pain as much as they appeared to be in the beginning. During performance improvement practice is very important for the client to adhere to. They may be asked to perform in a way that is uncomfortable. This may encourage the client to become lazy and practice bad habits.
Four different lists of words were given to Karlie in order to determine the correct level of QRI assessment to be used for the reading passage assessment. She read through level five list of twenty words with zero mistakes. Although she didn’t make any mistakes there were two words that she did not identify automatically. Karlie was then given the level six words. Out of the 20 words, she was able to identify 80% of the words automatically. 15% of the words were not identified automatically. Karlie was able to identify them after she slowed down and thought about the words. However, there was one word she completely said wrong and never went back to self-correct; that word was abolish/ apolish.
Of the ten cards, the students were unable to pronounce seven of the one and two syllable words, such as jumped, nodded, and pulled. After giving phonetic cues, sometimes of every sound within a word, the students were more able to sort the words according to sound, albeit with assistance and scaffolding. The last portion of the word sort was to pronounce the sounds and the words that fit within the groups.