Evil In Lord Of The Flies

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The human instinct to live by rules and follow moral commands is often overshadowed by the instinct to gratify one’s immediate desires. William Golding illuminates the idea of inherent evil through the nature of humanity in his novel Lord of the Flies. Golding explores how humans have a natural affinity for violence and savagery when placed in an environment without rules and regulations. He uses the development of various characters throughout the novel to demonstrate the effects of impulsive actions on society. Ralph, Jack and Simon each play an important role in demonstrating the overarching theme of inherent evil and the defects of human nature. Ralph demonstrates how the instinct of savagery overpowers the instinct of civilization, Jack…show more content…
He believes in the inherent value of morality, displaying a friendly and hard-working nature by building shelter and picking fruit for the littluns. He also occasionally goes to the jungle alone to enjoy its beauty, demonstrating his deep connection with nature. While the other boys frighten about the beast, Simon knows that the beast is not physically exist, saying: “...maybe it’s only us.” (96) The other boys on the island are confused by this statement, which shows that Simon is only one who realizes that the beast does not physically exist, but rather a savagery that lurks beneath each individual. Although the other boys laugh about Simon statement, it is central to Golding theory about innate evil. The Lord of the Flies—the sow’s head on the stake symbolizes this idea, as shown in Simon’s vision of the head speaking to him: “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill! … You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are the way they are?” (158) This conversation further accentuates the idea of inherent evil, the primary conflict of the story. The Lord of the Flies implies how the problems on the island are not caused by a physical beast, but rather by the evil that is present within each individual. The development of Simon throughout the novel represents an idea of human goodness, contrary to the idea of savagery and evil. Golding uses this differentiation to demonstrate how the human impulse toward civilization is not as deeply rooted as the human impulse toward savagery, as Simon’s murder at the end indicates the overwhelming abundance of

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