translation of Ramiro Guerra y Sánchez’s work. The book originally published in Cuba in 1934, covers the period of the “Yankee Imperialism” which generally identifies as the patch in American history following the war with Spain and the takeover of the Panama canal zone until the emergence of the “good neighbour” policy, set forth by the American president at the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt during the 1930’s. Guerra is the first historian to draw attention to the fact that “Yankee Imperialism” began in
their business practices in Mexico with a “sense of moral mission . . . where owners tried to persuade their workers of the moral correctness of sobriety and hard work” (O’Brien, 17). Americans conveyed their ideals of the proper work ethic and modernization by building planned communities where they could enforce their dogma on the Mexican workers. American corporations, like Phelps Dodge, built planned communities for the Mexican workers with “telephones and electric lines, automobile roads, good
of the busiest sea lanes in the world, facilitating the sea line of communications between Europe and Asia. Nearly half of the world shipping depends on these waterways and their traffic is several times more as compared to both the Suez and Panama Canals. More importantly, South China Sea is rich in mineral and energy resources as well as contributing to 8% of world’s fishing catch (UCLMUN, 2012). These are crucial ingredients to sustain thriving and developing economies in the region.
areas. There are other areas of the world that have been scenes of strategic confrontations between imperial powers, such as the Straits of Magellan at the tip of South America, the Straits of Malacca in the Indonesian Islands, the Suez Canal, and the Panama Canal. Strategic security was one of the reasons behind colonization but, after certain areas had been claimed, it became necessary to protect them not only against their rightful owners but also against other rival imperial powers. The cultural
that in its depth and magnitude is one of the more distinctive features that is definitive for the era as a whole—the advance and retreat of the process of globalization. 8 • INTRODUCTION Exploring the forces that explain this dynamic not only helps to explain some of the apparent paradoxes that bedevil those who aspire to make sense of the history of planet Earth over a span of more than a hundred years but also provides the basis for maintaining a semblance of continuity despite