Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a disorder that can happen to children whose mothers drank sufficient amounts of alcohol sometime throughout their pregnancy. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a condition classified in a group called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, and is the most known and severe of the group.
FAS, depending on the factors such as location, population and race studied is considered one of the leading known causes of mental retardation and birth defects, with 0.2 – 1.5 out of every 1,000 live births (Ismail, Buckley, Budacki, Jabbar, & Gallicano, 2010) and as many as 40,000 infants born with some sort of disorder or complication related to alcohol consumption every year. (Mayo Clinic, 2009) The severity that the disorder may
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(Ismail, Buckley, Budacki, Jabbar, & Gallicano, 2010) FAS is causes by an ingestion of alcohol consumed by a woman sometime during her pregnancy, while there has been no specific amount of alcohol that is considered safe to drink throughout her pregnancy, it has been recommended to be avoided all together. The effects of excessive alcohol consumption has been proven to have had negative and persistent effects on babies, born from mothers who have consumed alcohol throughout their pregnancy, evidence linking that low to moderate amounts have put the fetus at risk for delays and have lifelong complications. (Nathanson, & O'Brien, 2000) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome has had the highest incidence among disadvantaged groups although drinking is much more common among the middle to higher classes, than the poor, reasons that FAS is seen more in the poverty than the upper classes may be related to more negative choices and lack of resources. (Abel, & Armstrong, 2000) Other factors such as poverty, previous alcohol abuse, timing and amount consumed smoking, drug use, poor nutrition and lack of care before, during and after pregnancy can put the fetus at risk for other health complications that have an added impact to the predisposition of FAS. (Cronk, Glysch, Mahkorn, Weiss, & Zirbel, 2004) When a pregnant woman consumes alcohol during pregnancy it is able to cross the

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