Forest Fires Essay

1487 Words 6 Pages
Review of Literature
I. Introduction- Forest Fires
According to Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, Wildfire means “a sweeping and destructive conflagration esp. in a wilderness or a rural area.” Also according to the same dictionary, wilderness means “a tract or region uncultivated and uninhabited by human beings.” Forest Fires happen when there is a drought because branches and twigs die and dry out creating plenty of fuel for a fire. According to the NIFC (National Interagency Fire Center) there are about 105,534 wildfires that occur each year.
Wildfires occur when the climate is moist making trees and shrubs ready to grow and when a dry, hot period occurs a wildfire can occur. Wildfires mostly occur in highly vegetated areas like
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Nomex has an outer shell, a moisture barrier, and a thermal barrier. The outer shell is water-proof and does not weigh much. The moisture barrier has strong fire resistants’ for the liquid-impermeable films to perform well. This barrier helps protect against the entrance of water, chemicals, and viral agents. This layer is also very breathable and it keeps you cool during the activity that the firefighter is performing. The thermal barrier is the most mobile layer and keeps the firefighter warm while keeping water out and making water dry very quickly. The shirt is a yellow color which is easily visible to other wildland firefighters. When the shirt is touched with fire this part of the shirt becomes darker like a brownish color and it is not able to be washed out. Over this shirt they also wear a “brush coat” which is also made of Nomex and the coat is also a bright yellow. Firemen wear them at night though because these coats are not fire-proof and will not really keep you safe. They also wear green, high-strength, fire-proof, synthetic pants also made of Nomex like the pants. The firefighters must wear 100% cotton undergarments under their fire shirt and fire pants. According to pbs.org the boots the wildland firemen wear are, “Eight-inch, lug-soled leather boots provide firefighters with

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