Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos )

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Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have been used in a wide variety of fields, from transgenic bacteria used to produce human insulin to reducing the cost of agricultural production. They are created when foreign DNA, which codes for a desire trait, such as pest resistance, is inserted into the genome of an organism. This creates a transgenic organism with a now useful trait, which can be used in agriculture and medicine. The potential benefits of the technology are undeniable, however GMO implementation has been fraught with controversy since its introduction in the 1990s. Genetically modified organisms have been in the food supply in the United States and EU for the past 20 years after the initial introduction of several major staples …show more content…

Legal movement towards banning and labeling GMOs originally began within European legislation. I will focus mainly on the forms of legislation and regulation put in place by the European Union and European Commission. The preliminary allowances of the EU remain similar to that of the United States where GM foods must have effectively the same nutritional value as their organic counterparts. In addition, since GE crops exist in an open environment the EU has generally only allowed such crops for animal feed use it has also been approved for human consumption as well, since cross contamination of crops means mixing of such genes. As of 2014, the only GM food that is allowed to be cultivated on EU soil has been the GM corn – MON 810 as the GM starch potatoes were also authorized in 2010, however they were quickly retracted in 2011 (European Commission). Due to the conglomerate of member nations under the banner of the EU, it has become very difficult to allow cultivation or import of GM products and this becomes the main difference between the two countries. This also means that almost all GM foods available on the European market are required to be labeled and have been for the last twenty years, which provides insights into how mandatory GMO labeling in the United States may be affected. In the past ten years the European Union has shifted from requiring labeling of products only if

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