Herodotus: The Battle of Thermopylae in The 300 Spartans

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Rudy Mate’s interpretation of the Battle of Thermopylae in The 300 Spartans incorporates themes which are expressed continuously throughout Herodotus’ The Histories. Herodotus highlights the alliance of the Greek city-states during the Persian Wars, also discussing the disunity and betrayal amongst the Greeks. Additionally, Herodotus embellishes on the heroism and leadership of characters that fought relentlessly to preserve Greece while demonstrating their superior expertise. Herodotus continually exaggerates the importance of the gods and their influence on the decisions of the Greeks. It is these themes that allow Herodotus to express the characteristics and nature of the Greeks during the ancient world; through his unique method of storytelling. Greek unity during the Persian Wars is portrayed as an abundant in The Histories and a critical component to the success of the Greeks. The film highlights the significance of unity amongst the Greeks, embellishing on this theme that is constant in Herodotus’ writings. Identified by Themistocles in the film, unity is the strength and weakness of Greece, declaring “Unity! Remember that one terrible word which will surely destroy Greece, unless we counter it with a unity of our own.” This reflects the significance of collaboration during the Persian Wars. Herodotus details the strength of the unity which was eventually threatened before the Battle of Salamis. The congress at the Isthmus of Corinth provides the development of unity,
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