Hydrochloric Acid And Acetone Lab Report

1220 Words5 Pages
Abstract
This experiment was conducted to find the rate law for the reaction of iodine with acetone. This was found by using the method rates. The orders of acetone and hydrochloric acid is one while the order of iodine is zero. The procedure was meant to notice the disappearance of one reactant, Iodine.
Introduction
A chemical reaction is when chemical substances are changed into other substances. When a chemical reaction takes place, chemical bonds break and new ones are formed. Kinetics is the study of the rate and mechanism of chemical reactions. Reaction mechanism is a series of individual chemical steps by which an overall chemical reaction occurs 1. These mechanisms are important in deciding what is the most efficient way of causing
…show more content…
The method of initial rates is a common way to find the order. For this experiment, the time it takes for the color of iodine to disappear is measured as the initial rate of reaction. HCl was used as the acid catalyst. An acid catalyst makes a reaction happen faster, but does not get consumed in the process. The purpose of this experiment is to find the rate law for the reaction of iodine with acetone by using the method rates.
Experimental
First, the following materials were gathered: Four fifty milliliter beakers, four pipets, four graduated cylinders, about 30 mL of 4.0 M Acetone, 1.0 M HCl, and 0.005 M Iodine, a squeeze bottle filled with distilled water, a spectrometer, and a tablet that displays the data from the spectrometer. The acetone, hydrochloric acid, and iodine were put into three of the fifty milliliter beakers. The tablet was connected to the spectrometer via Bluetooth. The spectrometer was calibrated for a wavelength of 410 nm. It was calibrated by filling a cuvette with water and placing it inside the spectrometer. The room temperature was recorded. Reaction number one started off the experiment. For reaction one, as recorded in Table 1, 3 mL of Acetone, 3 mL of HCl, 8 mL of water, and 4 mL of Iodine were measured out into the four graduated cylinders. Then, the acetone, hydrochloric acid, and water were combined into the last remaining fifty milliliter beaker. At the same time, the

More about Hydrochloric Acid And Acetone Lab Report

Get Access