India 's Caste System : How Were They Alike?

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Table of Contents

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro: How were they alike….pg 2

India’s caste system……………………………………pg 3-4

Linking to today………………………………………….pg 5

Buddhism/Hinduism: Compare and Contrast………..pg 6-7

The Great Emperor: Asoka...………………………….pg 8-9

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro civilizations: How were they alike?

Two civilizations grew along the Indus River about 3000BCE and existed for around 1500 years. These two Indian civilizations were called the Harappan and Mohenjo Daro civilizations. Even though these two were 300 miles apart they still were very alike. Both of these civilizations thrived on agriculture because of the location they had settled in. The area was near a river that
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They grew dates, cotton, rice, wheat, rice, mustard and sesame seeds. And they had dogs, cats, camels, sheep, pigs, goats, water buffaloes, elephants and chickens.

Both cities had similar streets. The brick streets were lined with storehouses, workshops, market stalls, and houses; and each city had a grand marketplace. The streets were very well-planned built with a grid pattern of wide, straight streets and were very busy. This was how the economy thrived. Even though these two civilizations were hundreds of miles apart they were very alike.

India’s Caste System

The caste system identified a person’s place in Indian society. The caste system depended on your occupation or your wealth. First came the Brahmins who were priests and were seen as the highest class or highest Varna. Then came the Kshatriyas who were rulers or warriors, they were considered to be the second highest class. Then came the Vaisyas who were farmers, craftspeople, and traders, they were considered the third class. Then came the Sudras who were workers and servants, they were considered the lowest class.

The interaction between the caste groups was basically forbidden. You could not marry or eat with a different caste member. Even “hanging out” with different caste members was forbidden. These rules caused people to spend time with the people in the caste which they
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