Iran 's Control Over The World 's Oil Industry

1973 Words8 Pages
During the mid 20th century the United States supported Iran and they were close allies due to Iran’s control over the world’s oil industry. However, when the Shah attempted to nationalize their oil, the CIA organized a coup to overthrow the Shah. The appointed shah remained till 1979 when the new Shah was forced to flee the country as the Iranians began to become unhappy with the harsh rule of the Shah. This revolution of 1979 transformed their relations from a close ally to hostility. For most of the early 20th century, Iran was a very close ally to the U.S. Their main focus for the Middle East was oil and Iran gave them access to cheap oil. However, Iran also had a geographical importance as well. Iran was very strategically located…show more content…
The U.S had to act to stop the problem. With Truman’s help, Iran was able to remove the communist presence in Iran. Although Iran was very beneficial towards the U.S. interests and they supported Iran and the Shah to the public, they chose to secretly organize a military coup to overthrow the democratically elected prime minister, Mohammed Mosaddeq, of Iran under direct orders from President Eisenhower and the C.I.A. In 1953, the US Central Intelligence Agency and British intelligence services (MI 6) strengthened the Iranian monarchy by orchestrating the fall of the Prime Minister, Mohammad Mosaddeq. The U.S replaces him with Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The Shah led 25 years of tyrannical rule (supported by CIA) that resulted in the killing of thousands of Iranians who opposed this U.S. installed government. Britain was also unhappy that Iran nationalized its oil industry, which led to the idea for the coup and the U.S. joined in on it. Britain was planning on invading Iran but American President Truman dissuaded him. He made sure that Britain did not go through with that plan and he assured Britain that the U.S would extend their help secretly by using the CIA. However, the British and the United States began to run into trouble when “The Iranian premier got wind of the plan and called his supporters to take to the streets in protest” ( Staff). Then the shah left Iran for “medical reasons” ( Staff). Meanwhile British
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