Jenne Jeno History

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Jenne Jeno emerged around 300 as a city surrounded by villages (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 422). The city became a center for regional trade of iron, gold, and silver, in return for urban manufacturer's (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 422). After 300, the regional trade became long distance trade, thanks to the introduction of the camel from the Berbers of North Africa and the Sahara allowing traders to travel through the dessert (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 422). It took some time for the initial trans-Saharan exchanges to become a regular occurrence, however once the Romans lost control of their gold mines in Iberia to Germanic migrants they began to regularize trans-Saharan trade (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 422). In the 600’s, Soninke chiefs enriched by the profits of the Saharan trade armed their followers with weapons and horses and conquered Soninke groups in the Sahel between the …show more content…

Business amongst North African and Middle Eastern merchants was easier to complete when both parties followed the same beliefs (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 413). In the early 1100’s the kings of Ghana converted to Islam, possibly under pressure from the Almoravids (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 423). In Mali, the opening of new gold fields in the rainforests exposes hitherto marginal peoples to the influence of long distance trade, royal rule, and Islam (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 424). In 1324, the most famous Malian ruler, Mansa Musa seized the city of Timbuktu from its Touareg Berber founders (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 426). Musa founded a college, library, which were part of a Sankore mosque (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 426). Timbuktu then became a center of learning focused on Islamic law while also offering various other fields of study (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow

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