Libertarianism Vs Indeterminism

Satisfactory Essays
1. Show how libertarianism stands in relation to (a) hard determinism, (b) soft determinism, (c) indeterminism.
• Libertarianism rejects soft determinism and hard determinism because libertarians believe that freedom does exist. However, libertarians believe in indeterminism because it does not believe in any predetermined causality. Also, “libertarians say that you also have to be free to want differently than you do.” (pp. 227-233, Palmer)
2. Explain why the two formulas, “Same past, same future” and “Same past, different future,” are used to distinguish between determinism and indeterminism.
• Same past, same future is used in determinism to emphasize causality. For instance, John’s parents were brutal to him when he was young, and by
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