Modern Strain Theory And Institutional Anomie Theory

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There are two types of the Modern Strain Theory, General Strain Theory and Institutional Anomie Theory. General Strain Theory (GST) was developed by Robert Agnew in 1992. This micro-level theory tries to explain why individuals who feel strain commit crime. Agnew claims there are three sources of strain, the first is the failure to achieve goals, it is based off Merton 's strain just explained a little different. Merton says the disjunction between culture and structure leads to failing to achieve the American Dream. Agnew makes it more general and talks about achieving any goals, not just the American Dream. The second source is the removal of positive stimuli, having something good taken from you. For example if you are dating someone…show more content…
This would be the less productive way. The last coping mechanism is behavioral coping which is using actions to deal with strain. This also has two forms of legal and illegal. The legal form is exercising at the gym or walking away to remove yourself from the situation. The illegal way is violence, such as if you are getting bullied and you decide to fight back. Your personality and environmental traits will help determine which coping mechanism you will chose, which will determine whether you commit crime or not. This article argues that poor health can lead to delinquency in all ages. People that are unable to afford proper health care when they are ill, are expected to feel negative emotions which cause them to commit nonviolent crimes. The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health did a study to determine if the frequency of health problems have an impact on property crime, delinquency and violence. The ADD health study started in 1994, it consisted of eighty schools all across the United States grades seven to twelve, were selected for inclusion in the study through stratified systematic sampling done in two different waves. 17 students of each gender were randomly selected for inclusion in the study, all students were completely different from each other. Twins, African Americans with at least one parent with a college degree, and the disabled were oversampled. They took note on how many people receive health care, how many have health strain,
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