Modernization Theory Of India 's Democracy

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support their emergence of democracy. The idea that economic development will lead to democratization and democratic consolidation generally holds for most cases. More often than not, increasing economic development increases the probability that any given society will have democratic politics. Although this theory is widely spread it does not seem to account for all cases, such as India. Due to the large population of India, the defying factors against modernization theory are not easily overlooked. Many scholars have been analyzing the deviant case for years, trying to find out how they defied the modernization theory. India is considered a deviant case because it only recently began to see notable economic development, and for most of the twentieth century the country was profound poor. Looking through the modernization theory it would lead us to believe that India was ruled by an authoritarian regime due to their poor economics. Because they defy this belief and have been a democratic country for a prolonged time it is evident that India does not conform to the modernization theory. India’s democracy emerged amidst severe poverty, widespread illiteracy, and a largely agrarian and rural population characterized by vast linguistic and ethnic diversity. However, India was able not only to transition to but also consolidate a robust democratic system that has survived for over sixty years. The historical process of Indian democratization challenges the central premise of
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