Moso Matrilineal System

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Moso society, better known as Na, is a small ethnic group living in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces in China. For decades, they have implemented a matrilineal system in their culture. Matrilineal system is defined as a system in which their descendants are traced using their mothers’ lineage. Since Moso society applied the matrilineal system in their culture, there are several implications and characteristics that can be analyzed from that point. One important feature of matrilineal is called “walking marriage”. There is no traditional marriage in Moso culture, so in a family there are neither husbands nor wives. In walking marriage the partners do not live in the same households, as during midnights the man who has received permission to visit the woman comes to spend the whole night with her and return to his home early in the morning. From certain aspects, walking marriage has positive effects towards Moso’s family structure, child gender preference and gender equality. This essay analyzes about how those aspects are benefited by the walking marriage.
The first aspect influenced by the practice of walking marriage is the structure of family. As discussed in lecture seven by Professor Ma, Moso society does not practice any legal marriage at all, as men must maintain their visits to their female friends for a long time. Mulder (2009) defined this relationship as “serial monogamy” in which an individual can have a number of long-term sexual partners in succession. This implies
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