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National Interest And Sovereignty Paper Essay

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Connor McCarty
PS 1400 - Into to International Relations - Adrianna
National Interest/Sovereignty Paper Genocide is defined by the United Nations as "...acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group..." (UN, 1) While there are many sovereign nations engaged in international politics, only a few engaged (or disengaged) in African politics during the Cold War era. Through realism and liberalism the actions of global leaders and members of the United Nations will be explained and their actions defined that led to the crisis of Central Africa from 1960 through 1994 and ending in Rwanda. These global state actors have an obligation to protect human rights throughout the world, but in 1994 allowed 800,000 ethnic Tutsi to be brutally murdered in their homes and in the streets of a place that once used to be safe. This all occurred because a global power struggle was top priority. To violate a state 's sovereignty would need to be supported through a just cause and have multilateral support from multiple states. Lacking such justification would cause a war and be a territorial threat and be infringing upon the rights of a government to govern its own people. A basic responsibility and fundamental expectation of and head of state leading a sovereign nation is to protect the basic human rights of its people and when a government fails or directly chooses another course of action, the right to govern is lost because
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