Natural Law Theory Of Euthanasia

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The origins of the word ‘Euthanasia’ are Greek and translate to ‘easy death’. The definition of Euthanasia or 'dignified suicide' is the act of which one gets injected with a substance that will peacefully kill them. It's not euthanasia to give a drug in order to eliminate immediate pain, even though the drug causes the patient to die sooner. This is because the doctor wanted to relieve the pain, not to kill the patient. This is known as the Doctrine of Double effect.

Euthanasia is generated towards very sick people with an incurable disease. But there are cases when people want total control over when and where they die. Euthanasia is usually conducted due to patients request but there are times when the patient is unresponsive or too sick to make that decision so then the decision is handed down to medics, immediate relatives and very occasionally the court.

• Euthanasia is an issue because it counteracts Thomas Aquinas theory of natural law theory. Natural law theory is a legal theory that recognises law and morality to be deeply connected, if not the same. Natural law has a set of rules that you apply to every situation. It’s a problem in natural law because One of the main concepts of natural law theory is to 'protect and preserve the innocent'. Therefore an absolute moral rule/law that you should never kill an innocent person. In Natural law theory, euthanasia is always wrong. You couldn't argue for assisted suicide, as the same principle would allow killing
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