Operation Iceberg Research Paper

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On a day that was suppose to be a celebration, started the bloodiest battle of the Pacific War. On April 1, 1945, Easter Sunday, U.S. Marine Corps troops descended on the Pacific island of Okinawa for a final push towards Japan. This battle lasted for 82 days. On the Pacific front, however, American forces were still painstakingly conquering Japan’s Home Islands, one after another. After obliterating Japanese troops in the brutal Battle of Iwo Jima, they set their sights on the isolated island of Okinawa, their last stop before reaching Japan. The invasion was part of Operation Iceberg, a complex plan to invade and occupy the Ryukyu Islands. Planning of this operation began in September 1944. They had to draft and develop plans for Iceberg …show more content…

Ninety percent of the buildings on the island were destroyed, along with countless historical documents, artifacts, and cultural treasures. There was a total of 160,000+ casualties on both sides including 75,682 Allied and over 100,000 Japanese. Both sides lost considerable numbers of ships and aircraft. There was also a horrific number of innocent deaths. 149,425 Okinawans were killed, committed suicide or went missing. Numbers correspond to recorded deaths from the time of the American landings in the Kerama Islands to the signing of the Japanese surrender. Japanese were so fierce in their defense and because casualties were so appalling, many American strategists looked for an alternative other than a direct invasion. This means presented itself, with the advent of atomic bombs, which worked admirably in convincing the Japanese to sue for peace without American casualties. On September 2, 1945, Japan surrendered and the war was over. In 1995, the Okinawa government erected a memorial monument named Cornerstone of Peace in Mabuni at the site of the last fighting in southeastern Okinawa. Today Japan and the United States are allies. Americans generally support keeping the U.S. relationship with Japan about where it is, both economically and

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