Organizational Theory on Apple Inc.

2622 Words Sep 6th, 2012 11 Pages
Organizational Theory on APPLE INC.


Power is a measurement of an actor’s ability to influence the behavior, thoughts or activities of another actor (eds Ott, Parkes & Simpson 2008). Authority, power that is legitimized by the legal and cultural foundations on which an organization is based, is the ultimate source of power in a organization (Gareth R. Jones 2001). Whenever there is a use of authoritative control it creates resistance and obedience. In this essay, power and the limit of power (obedience and resistance) will be analyzed from both modernist and critical perspectives. The focus of this analysis will be on major theories of both perspectives and the importance or limitation of ideas. Similarities and
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2.4 Control and obedience in modernism

The design of hierarchical system from modernism is filled with purpose to control potential employee resistance and strategic planning (McAuley et al. 2007). The control is applied on employee to minimize their individual interests and fulfilled organizational interests.

Control such as bureaucracy depend on the formal hierarchy and focuses on supervision and guidance on employee (Jaffee 2008). Clan control encourages new employees to engage with senior employees of a team through sharing same cultural norms, values and practices (Kirsch et al. 2010). Clan control extended staff loyalty and commitment because self-interests are traded off to become part of the team.

3. Ideas of power in critical theory perspective

Critical theory states that power relations are connected with structures, ideologies and knowledge of social, economical and political factors (Hatch and Cunliffe 2006). Capitalist organization applied power in non-decision making process, and to shape the interests of subordinates. For instance, they uses power to prevent workers from taking part in decision making process and suppressed worker’s divergent interests.

In capitalist society, the right to claim profit through exploitation and alienation of labor is acquired through exercising power (McAuley et al. 2007). Reducing labor wages and extending working hours to increase profit and
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