Orphanages In The 1800s

Decent Essays
Attachment is vital to development. John Bowlby (1988) states, “ Study after study attest that healthy, happy, and self reliant adolescents ad young adults are the products of stable homes in which both parents give a great deal of time and attention to children” (p.2). This statement has powerful implication for children and infants without parents who spend most, if not all of their young life in orphanages; more specifically orphanages where attention is minimal. In 1729 the first orphanage was established in the United States. In the 1800’s orphanages grew and in the mid 1800’s charitable groups established 56 institutions for children (Bremner, 1970, p. 5). Downs (1983) theorizes that these institutions were a way for the wealthy class…show more content…
He coined the term “maternal deprivation” and defined it as a child not having this vital mother-hild relationship and he believed that without this interaction there could be severe damage to the child’s personality, and their emotional and social development (p. 148) . Many children, especially in orphanages with a high volume of children, were maternally deprived in the early establishment of…show more content…
Even in places where the minority population is small the amount of children removed from their families was still large, in fact about three times as high as their proportion in the general population. “Bremner (1974) states, “Although the rate of child welfare services to Negro children was higher…behavioral and emotional problems were reported for a considerably smaller proportion of Negro children… This raised the question for some professionals that whether placement of minority-group children is precipitated by poverty and lack of supportive resources, rather than disruptive family relationships or perceived habits of the child” (p. 8). The removal rate of Native American children was high as well. Like African American children there were obvious overlaps between removal from the home and poverty. As well during that time most social workers were Caucasian and tended to have different cultural standards in terms of family life therefore creating convolution. Like the circumstances of Native American children being taken from their home in the turn of the century, Native American children, when taken from their home often lost their culture and
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