Otzi the Iceman

2360 Words May 20th, 2012 10 Pages
Otzi the Iceman
Ötzi the Iceman is the oldest naturally preserved human body ever found. Because of Ötzi, we can touch and almost see into the very distant past. We can imagine the lives led by our human ancestors. The discovery and study of Ötzi enables us to look back through time and glimpse an ancient world.

Place & Circumstances of discovery
Ötzi the Iceman is believed to be the oldest naturally preserved human body ever found in the continent of Europe. Ötzi the Iceman was discovered high in the freezing mountain waters of a glacier at an altitude of 3,210 m above sea level high in the mountains of the Ötztal Alps; near Hauslabjoch on the border between Austria and Italy, in the September of 1991. Ötzi the Iceman was found by two
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Some archaeologists have also speculated that Ötzi may have been a victim of a ritual sacrifice, perhaps for being a chieftain. It is believed that he may have been a chieftain due to the numerous tattoos of symbols and markings on his body.
We can never be completely certain as to what actually killed Ötzi, and the various theories must all be explored in study in order to gain a complete understanding.

Appearance, Life, &Times
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The role of science in reconstructing the past in relation to the body

Though the intensive study of the body and the possessions found with it; various aspects (i.e. diet, appearance, weapons, clothing, cultural practices and rituals) of the time in which Ötzi lived can be uncovered and furthermore understood. The Iceman Ötzi provides us with an exceptional insight into appearance and lifestyle of a Copper Age man living in the Alps over 5,000 years ago.

Science plays a major role in assisting archaeologists and researchers reconstruct the past. In the case of Ötzi, scientific research resulted in magnificent findings and continues to make great finds and extract evidence from the body and the equipment found with it.
In order to examine the interior of the body of the Iceman, scientists had to overcome some challenges. Special high-precision titanium instruments had to be developed for the examination of Ötzi.