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Panama History

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The history of Panama has been largely influenced by the strategic position of this narrow isthmus that links North America with South America and separates the Pacific Ocean from the Atlantic Ocean. The Cunas, Chocos, and Guaymas were some of the indigenous tribes that have occupied the region. Although these civilizations were not as advanced as the Maya or Inca, they may have been influenced by them. The explorer Rodrigo de Bastidas disembarked on the territory in 1501 and, the following year, Cristóbal Columbus reclaimed Panama in the name of Spain.
Due to its unique geographical position, Panama has an abundant historical heritage. For hundreds of years, Panama has served as across both maritime and territorial. It was near the present
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The Panamanian land was the first place on the continent visited by Christopher Columbus, as well as where Europeans first contemplated the Pacific Ocean. The gold and silver that Pizarro and his Spanish army took from the Inca Empire were transported to Panama. First, it was taken by ship and then in donkey through the "Road of Crosses" to finally be lodged in strong Spaniards in Portobelo. There he was waiting to be transported to Europe. It is said that because of the amount of the yellow treasure that was transported to Europe, the price of gold remained low for 50…show more content…
The city of Panama continued to thrive as a colonial port until it became the favorite target of European pirates. In 1668, an English pirate, Lord Henry Morgan invaded the port of Portobelo in search of riches. He besieged the port for a ransom of a hundred thousand gold coins, but this was but a distraction. His real plan was to plunder the old city of Panama. Once conquered, it burned the city. Other pirate attacks resulted in the port being no longer used as a strategic point in the transport of wealth to Europe. After the destruction of the old city, the present one was founded and life continued in Panama. Later, Panama joined as a nation and in 1821 decided to separate from Spain to join the Greater Colombia.
The Independence of Panama and the Construction of the Canal. From the era of the Spanish conquerors, the idea was to build a canal through the narrow territory of Panama. At the end of the 19th century, Panama rose on the world stage when renowned French architect Ferdinand de Lesseps announced his plans to create a canal on the isthmus. The architect was already worldwide acclaimed for having built a level canal in Sweden. Unfortunately, the French failed and more than 20 thousand people died from malaria and yellow fever during the attempt. In addition, France suffered huge economic losses because of
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