Piaget Cognitive Theory And Social Learning Theory

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Piaget’s Cognitive Theory and Social Learning Theory Defined Theories of cognition assumes that conscious thinking is the basis for almost all behavior and emotions (Hutchinson, 2015). A central concept in Piaget’s theory is that a schema (a person’s own interpretation of the world) is developed through one of two things; social learning, which is when one watches and absorbs the experience of others or through direct learning, which is when one watches and absorbs from their own experiences (Hutchinson, 2015). Individuals are expected to develop schemata as a means of maintain a psychological equilibrium. An experience that one cannot assimilate creates anxiety, and their schemata are adjusted to create new experiences and restore oneself back to a state of equilibrium. Another one of Piaget’s theory to reduce the cognitive development of egocentricity, which is self-centeredness (Hutchinson, 2015). Jean Piaget discovered that our capacity for reasoning is developed in four stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations stage (Hutchinson, 2015). Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years) is when and infant gradually learns to coordinate sensory and motor activities, and develops a beginning sense of objects existing apart from self. Preoperational stage (2 to 7 years) is when a child starts to discover rules that they can apply to new information, sometimes they can over complicate the rules which leads to them making mistakes. Concrete operations
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