Plato and Socrates Anthology Essay

1008 Words Oct 29th, 2012 5 Pages
Socrates Anthology and Plato
I: Apology
1. What are the charges brought against Socrates by his Athenian accusers and what is his reply concerning the sort of wisdom he in fact possesses?
The charges that were brought against Socrates were corrupting the young and Impiety. Socrates says “If you ask me what kind of wisdom, I reply, wisdom such as may perhaps be attained by man, for to that extent I am inclined to believe that I am wise; Whereas the persons of whom I was speaking have a superhuman wisdom, which I may fail to describe, because I have it not myself; and he who says that I have Speaks falsely and is taking away my character” (Pg 5).
2. What does Socrates say is his greatest service to the city?
Socrates said that
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He also says “ the opinions of the wise are good and the opinions of the unwise are evil” (pg 21).

2. How does Socrates depict the individual's relationship to the State?
Socrates believes that through the Law his parents were able to marry and conceive him. Then the laws provided his upbringing and education and also provided training in music and gymnastics. He believes that the relationship between laws and an individual could be similar to that of a father and son or a slave and master.
3. Why does Socrates say it would be unjust to escape the death penalty?
Socrates gives a few reasons why it would be unjust to escape the death penalty. He says that his escaping from the prison would destroy the city, which is unjust. He made a contract with the city that he would stay in the city until the time of his death and breaking this contract would be unjust. His unjustness would also cause trouble for other people. “His friends could be driven into exile, deprived of their citizenship and lose their property” (pg 25), or if he decided to flee to another city that is well governed Athens will come to them as an enemy and the city will turn on him.

III. Phaedo
1. Why is suicide not an option for Socrates?
He says that man is not permitted to be his own benefactor and he must wait for the hand of another and wait until God summons him.
2. How does Socrates explain the idea that a true

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