Political Power In John Locke And The State Of Power

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However, once they’ve reached this age of reason, they are still supposed to honor their parents, but are no longer obligated to obey this paternal power or their rules. Political power, according to Locke, is essentially the right to make laws for protection and the regulation of property. However, according to Locke, these laws that are made are only laws if the people believe they are and accept them as good for the community. He claims that no political society can survive without laws in place to protect private property, that is, life, liberty and his estate. The differences in power between Hobbes and Locke are important because the political power that Locke discusses, the power that ensures one’s life, liberty and pursuit of happiness is non-existent in Hobbes’s state of nature. Another key difference that Locke believes is evident in his version of the state of nature is the use of laws. Locke believes that laws are not created when a sovereign or governing force is put into place. He believes laws were always there, but in the state of nature, it is the citizens that are the enforcers. For example, if one breaks the Law of Nature, everyone has the power to punish the offender, as long as it is impartial. There is a bit of a problem with impartiality in this aspect. Individuals could enforce these types of laws, but more often than not, they would not be impartial. Therefore, a government might be more effective in the enforcing category, except for an absolute
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