Postpartum Depression-Social Belief Model And Stigma Theory

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Postpartum Depression -Social Ecological model and stigma theory Depression is a major public health issue, affecting 300 million people worldwide. It is more common among women than men (World Health Organization [WHO], 2017). Postpartum depression is the most common complication of childbirth and maternal mental health issues are regarded as a public health concern all over the world (Shidhaye & Giri, 2014). The paper first seeks to understand postpartum depression from the public health perspective. It then describes the health belief model of behavior change and its constructs. Finally, the paper examines the use of health belief model in assessing beliefs of women at the risk of or suffering from postpartum depression.
Postpartum Depression- a public health concern According to WHO (2017) worldwide about 10% of pregnant women and 13% women post childbirth suffer from mental disorders primarily, depression. The percentages are even higher for women in developing countries (Shidhaye & Giri, 2014). Postpartum depression is diagnosed between 2 and 6 weeks post childbirth and may last up to 2 years (Atkins, 2010). Pregnancy, labor and childbirth have a great influence on the physical and emotional well-being of a woman. Women suffering from postpartum depression may feel overwhelmed, exhausted, worried, guilty, irritable, have difficulty eating or sleeping and have little or no interest in activities (Shidhaye & Giri, 2014). Depression has an adverse impact on the

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