Premises Based on Immanuel Kant's Perspective on the Metaphysics of Morals

Decent Essays
Introduction: In the following essay I will be presenting premises based on Immanuel Kant’s perspective on the matter of, “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals”. Once I have outlined Kant’s view on the matter, I will then object to the conclusions, that “Always treat a human being (yourself included) as an end, and never as a mere means” (Kant pg.169), making his whole argument false.

Immanuel Kant’s Argument:
1. Good Will – “that could be considered good without limitation”(Kant pg. 103) it is good in itself (Kant pg. 104)
2. The Notion of Duty – “In order to do so, we shall set before ourselves the concept of duty, which contains that of a good will though under certain subjective limitations and hindrance, which, however, far from concealing it and making It unrecognizable, rather bring it out by contrast and make it shine forth all the more brightly.” (Kant pg.104)
3. The Nature of Imperatives- if the action would be good merely as a means to something else the imperative is hypothetical; if the action is represented as in itself good, hence as necessary in a will in itself conforming to reason, as its principle, then it is categorical. ...
A. “Act as if the maxim of your action were to become by your will a universal law of nature.”(Kant pg. 109)
B. “Act that use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means.” (Kant pg112)
4. Conclusion: “Therefore Always treat a human being (yourself
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