Primary Article Assignment Microbiology ICP#1 (Viruses)
Name: Katie Slivko
1) Anatomy of Paper a) 19 authors (Rodrigo Delvecchio, Luiza M. Higga, Ana Luiza Valadao, Fabio L. Monteiro, Paula Pezzuto, and Patricia P. Garcez) ect. b) They all worked at the Institute of Biology at the Federal University of Rio de Janerio. In addition, it seem that they all had experience with infectious disease. Most of the authors worked in genetics, pathology, immunology, biomedical sciences, or Pathobiological sciences. c) I would say the authors that are from Rio would have more knowledge and experience with the ZIKA virus then those who are from Italy d) Rodrigo Delvecchio ? e) …show more content…
After the 4 days they did find that it increased the cells viability thus protecting newborns from the risk of microcephaly. -Cholorquine Inhibits ZIKV Infection in Mouse Neurospheres ANS: They found that chloroquine treatment did protect neuritis from becoming misshapen or damaged. It also showed that exposure to chloroquine the number of neuritis infected decreased as well. b) In the abstract and results section
3) Significance of Biological Science a) With ZIKA increasing drastically in the past years there has been a push to find a vaccine that can protect individuals from contracting the disease and thus preventing the spread of the disease globally and sexually. The scientists in this study aim to find a treatment that will lessen affects of the disease and prevent transmission through treatment with Chloroquine. Cloroquine is known to treat malaria and parasitic infections already. Thus they tested the affects of Chloriquine on two strains of ZIKA in various cell types. B) They used various cell types infected with different strains of ZIKA, one form Africa and one from Brazil. They then administered various amount of Chloroquine to the infected cells to see if it decreased infection and
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In the article “Are Viruses Alive?,” Luis P. Villarreal discusses the effects of viruses on life, while presenting different angles as to whether or not they are alive themselves and arguing about the impact viruses have had on evolution. Through a deeper understanding of viruses and their functions, the scientific community may come to fully appreciate viruses, whether they are living or non-living in themselves, as significant evolutionary components.
* Flaviviruses: share a common size (40-60nm), symmetry (enveloped, icosahedral nucleocapsid), nucleic acid (positive-sense, single stranded RNA approximately 10,000-11,000 bases), and appearance in the electron microscope. Therefore, images of West Nile virus are representative for this group of viruses.
Zika virus was discovered by scientists in the Zika rainforest in a remote part of Uganda in 1947, in the serum of an infected rheseus monkey. With five thousand two hundred thirty- four known cases of the infectious virus documented in the United States. There is currently no vaccination for the flu like virus. The chief concern of the healthcare administration is to continue to take preventive measures to prevent contracting the virus. Within the same flavivirus family
For starters, the author provided a lot of information about the experimental Zika vaccine. It gives details about the positives and negatives of this study. Moreover, LaMotte divided the article in sections, she also titled each section. This gave readers an idea on what to expect in each the section. In addition to dividing the article in sections, she provided some visual representations. These visuals were presented in forms of pictures and videos with their correspondent captions. Pictures of blood samples, and photos of bliss receiving blood withdraw can be seen in the article. In addition to the picture, the author included a video featuring Bliss and some of the medical team. At the end of the video, they showed pictures of mothers with upset children. The video is a great option for people who have difficulty reading to have access to this information. Moreover, visual learners will find the video and pictures helpful. The article puts a lot of focus on Bliss, therefore it should have provided more details on Bliss’s health status throughout the
"This study in a nonhuman primate gives a vital commitment to our comprehension of the course of Zika infection disease in primates," Amelia Pinto of Saint Louis University, Missouri, who was not included in the work, said in an announcement sent to columnists. In any case, "this study is continuous, so from the outcomes reported in this paper we can't yet say that macaques will be a decent model for comprehension the connections between Zika contamination amid pregnancy and the expanded danger for microcephaly," Pinto included.
As of now, there is no official vaccine for Zika. Instead, a patient that has the contagion must undergo certain treatments. Fortunately, the remedies for the virus are simple and cheap. If infection occurs, it is vital to get an abundance of rest and liquids; medication is also advised to assist in alleviating pain. The treatments for Zika are straightforward because the disease itself is rather mild. In fact, in most reported cases of the virus in the United States, the illness only lasted approximately two to seven days prior to the first set of symptoms (“World Health Organization”). It is evident that the fear associated with the Zika Virus is slightly exaggerated. Currently, there is only one recorded fatality in the United States that is directly related to Zika (“The Washington Post”). This is mainly because first world countries’ medical programs are advanced enough to effectively treat the virus. The standard of living in these countries are also higher compared to third world countries. That is why Zika has claimed a significant amount of lives worldwide; the poor conditions in these countries make it difficult for infected individuals to get proper
For approximately three-thousand years, smallpox has ravaged and plagued the four corners of the globe. In fact, in the 17 th and 18 th centuries, it was claimed to be the most infectious disease in the West, with an astounding 90% mortality rate in America. It wasn't until 1796, with English surgeon Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination, that the world saw relief from this devastating virus. However, even with this inoculation in use, the world continued to witness death from both the virus and the vaccine. In the year 1966, it was estimated that 10-15 million infected citizens world wide had passed away from smallpox that year alone ( “History” 12). As a result of these devastating numbers, in the following year, 1967, the World Health
This article focuses on the outbreak of the Zika virus, which has recently begun spreading across the world with an emphasis on Latin American countries Brazil and Colombia. There are currently over 26,000 people who have been confirmed as infected with the virus in Colombia alone and this number is expected to rise dramatically to about 600,000 within the coming months considering the location and altitude of the countries and the frequency of their carrier mosquito. The virus has no vaccine yet; all prevention methods are focused on controlling the mosquitos spreading the disease by promoting proper sanitation regarding dirty water storage and accumulated trash. Among the people infected is 16-year-old Angie Paola Castro, one of 3,177 women
The growing concern of the Zika outbreak that originated back in 1947 Uganda in monkeys and later crossed over to humans in 1952 has now reached several countries. These outbreaks are occurring in Brazil and reportedly more than 7,000 people have been infected from mosquito bites. On February 1, 2016 the World Health Organization declared the Zika a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. To combat the issue Louisville activated the “Zika Response Action Plan, which provides guidelines for preparation and response to the virus in the Louisville Metro Department of Public Health and Wellness (LMPHW) jurisdiction” (ZIKA Response plan, 2016). The plan being used by Louisville demonstrates the prevention and mitigation being executed
The appearance and spread of the Zika virus inside the United States has recently made a huge impact on our society and healthcare professionals. The virus is being passed from an infected mother to her unborn child causing severe, life-altering disabilities and defects. More and more cases of the virus are being reported, with the biggest impact on the development of unborn babies. With no vaccine to protect against Zika, it is especially critical for pregnant women to take precautions when being exposed to mosquitoes, the primary vector for Zika.
D. G. Florentino, F.J. Montero are the writers of “The Zika Virus and Pregnancy” and their intended audience were expert readers. “In Reaction to Zika Outbreak, Echoes of Polio” was written by Donald G. McNeil Jr. with the intention of the audience being lay reader’s.
Many scientists all around have heard of a virus before, but not as infectious as the zika virus. This virus can ruin a little infant. But one truism statement about this virus, which freaks out scientists, is that it is carried by mosquitos. Terrible isn't it? If I were you, I would think to myself what will make this virus restrain itself? Well in order to stop it the best solution is to splat the mosquitos; because well let's face it, mom's little children that have been born wouldn't want to have a small head and a big body. Lots of people came back with this virus but the devastated citizens didn't notice this virus coming to
April 2015, small but deadly outbreaks began in Brazil, South America. Hundreds of Brazilian women infected by the Zika virus, endanger their unborn children to develop a form of brain damage called, Microcephaly. In the early months of 2016, South America’s CDCP (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) announced the Zika virus has taken full effect, and called for a state of emergency. Researchers today, study the effects of the Zika virus, where it comes/evolved from, and if there is a cure.